Pendaftaran Trademark melingkupi 45 kategori. Ramai yang mendaftar selalunya tidak tahu akan perkara ini. Mereka ingatkan jika daftar satu trademark , ia akan lindungi semua aspek. Padahal mereka yang nak mendaftar, mereka perlu daftar mereka perlu memilih kategori yang di niagakan.
Selalunya saya akan nasihatkan pelanggan saya agar mendaftar juga dalam kategori trademark yang ramai orang tidak menitikberatkan iaitu, sebagai usahawan pastinya kita akan guna “bisnes kad, banner, bunting, flyers, letterhead, dan pelbagai lagi yang kita gunakan dalam kategori printed matters”.
Sayanglah jika kita guna tapi tak lindungi kerana sekiranya kita hanya daftar dalam kategori trademark yang kita niagakan sahaja, apabila pihak ketiga gunakan atau daftar di MyIPO, mereka boleh menyaman kita.
Pada saat itu, pada siapa lagi kita nak mengadu dan menangis. Kita boleh berniaga tapi kita tidak boleh membuat sebarang iklan dan pemasaran dengan menggunakan bahan-bahan bercetak.
Kategori Trademark - Classification of Goods and Services
Kalau tanya saya sejauh mana pentingnya kategori trademark ini, saya akan katakan kategori trademark adalah nadi, jantung ataupun yang terutama dalam perniagaan kita. Berikut adalah 45 kategori trademark yang dimaksudkan:
Kategori Trademark Kelas 1 -Kelas 10
Chemicals used in industry, science and photography, as well as in agriculture, horticulture and forestry; unprocessed artificial resins, unprocessed plastics; manures; fire extinguishing compositions; tempering and soldering preparations; chemical substances for preserving foodstuffs; tanning substances; adhesives used in industry
Paints, varnishes, lacquers; preservatives against rust and against deterioration of wood; colorants; mordants; raw natural resins; metals in foil and powder form for painters, decorators, printers and artists
Bleaching preparations and other substances for laundry use; cleaning, polishing, scouring and abrasive preparations; soaps; perfumery, essential oils, cosmetics, hair lotions; dentifrices
Industrial oils and greases; lubricants; dust absorbing, wetting and binding compositions; fuels (including motor spirit) and illuminants; candles and wicks for lighting
Pharmaceutical and veterinary preparations; sanitary preparations for medical purposes; dietetic food and substances adapted for medical or veterinary use, food for babies; dietary supplements for humans and animals; plasters, materials for dressings; material for stopping teeth, dental wax; disinfectants; preparations for destroying vermin; fungicides, herbicides.
Common metals and their alloys; metal building materials; transportable buildings of metal; materials of metal for railway tracks; non-electric cables and wires of common metal; ironmongery, small items of metal hardware; pipes and tubes of metal; safes; goods of common metal not included in other classes; ores
Machines and machine tools; motors and engines (except for land vehicles); machine coupling and transmission components (except for land vehicles); agricultural implements other than hand-operated; incubators for eggs; automatic vending machines.
Hand tools and implements (hand-operated); cutlery; side arms; razors
Scientific, nautical, surveying, photographic, cinematographic, optical, weighing, measuring, signalling, checking (supervision), life-saving and teaching apparatus and instruments; apparatus and instruments for conducting, switching, transforming, accumulating, regulating or controlling electricity; apparatus for recording, transmission or reproduction of sound or images; magnetic data carriers, recording discs; compact discs, DVDs and other digital recording media; mechanisms for coin-operated apparatus; cash registers, calculating machines, data processing equipment, computers; computer software; fire-extinguishing apparatus.
Surgical, medical, dental and veterinary apparatus and instruments, artificial limbs, eyes and teeth; orthopedic articles; suture materials
Kategori Trademark Kelas 11 -Kelas 20
Apparatus for lighting, heating, steam generating, cooking, refrigerating, drying, ventilating, water supply and sanitary purposes
Vehicles; apparatus for locomotion by land, air or water
Firearms; ammunition and projectiles; explosives; fireworks
Precious metals and their alloys and goods in precious metals or coated therewith, not included in other classes; jewellery, precious stones; horological and chronometric instruments
Paper, cardboard and goods made from these materials, not included in other classes; printed matter; bookbinding material; photographs; stationery; adhesives for stationery or household purposes; artists’ materials; paint brushes; typewriters and office requisites (except furniture); instructional and teaching material (except apparatus); plastic materials for packaging (not included in other classes); printers’ type; printing blocks
Rubber, gutta-percha, gum, asbestos, mica and goods made from these materials and not included in other classes; plastics in extruded form for use in manufacture; packing, stopping and insulating materials; flexible pipes, not of metal
Leather and imitations of leather, and goods made of these materials and not included in other classes; animal skins, hides; trunks and travelling bags; umbrellas and parasols; walking sticks; whips, harness and saddlery.
Building materials (non-metallic); non-metallic rigid pipes for building; asphalt, pitch and bitumen; non-metallic transportable buildings; monuments, not of metal
Furniture, mirrors, picture frames; goods (not included in other classes) of wood, cork, reed, cane, wicker, horn, bone, ivory, whalebone, shell, amber, mother-of-pearl, meerschaum and substitutes for all these materials, or of plastics
Kategori Trademark Kelas 21 -Kelas 30
Household or kitchen utensils and containers; combs and sponges; brushes (except paint brushes); brush-making materials; articles for cleaning purposes; steelwool; unworked or semi-worked glass (except glass used in building); glassware, porcelain and earthenware not included in other classes
Ropes, string, nets, tents, awnings, tarpaulins, sails, sacks and bags (not included in other classes); padding and stuffing materials (except of rubber or plastics); raw fibrous textile materials
Yarns and threads, for textile use
Textiles and textile goods, not included in other classes; bed and table covers
Clothing, footwear, headgear
Lace and embroidery, ribbons and braid; buttons, hooks and eyes, pins and needles; artificial flowers
Carpets, rugs, mats and matting, linoleum and other materials for covering existing floors; wall hangings (non-textile)
Games and playthings; gymnastic and sporting articles not included in other classes; decorations for Christmas trees
Meat, fish, poultry and game; meat extracts; preserved, frozen, dried and cooked fruits and vegetables; jellies, jams, compotes; eggs, milk and milk products; edible oils and fats
Coffee, tea, cocoa and artificial coffee; rice; tapioca and sago; flour and preparations made from cereals; bread, pastry and confectionery; ices; sugar, honey, treacle; yeast, baking-powder; salt; mustard; vinegar, sauces (condiments); spices; ice.
Kategori Trademark Kelas 31 -Kelas 45
Grains and agricultural, horticultural and forestry products not included in other classes; live animals; fresh fruits and vegetables; seeds; natural plants and flowers; foodstuffs for animals; malt.
Beers; mineral and aerated waters and other non-alcoholic beverages; fruit beverages and fruit juices; syrups and other preparations for making beverages.
Alcoholic beverages (except beers)
Tobacco; smokers’ articles; matches
Advertising; business management; business administration; office functions
Insurance; financial affairs; monetary affairs; real estate affairs
Building construction; repair; installation services
Transport; packaging and storage of goods; travel arrangement
Treatment of materials
Education; providing of training; entertainment; sporting and cultural activities
Scientific and technological services and research and design relating thereto; industrial analysis and research services; design and development of computer hardware and software
Services for providing food and drink; temporary accomodation
Medical services; veterinary services; hygienic and beauty care for human beings or animals; agriculture, horticulture and forestry services
Legal services; security services for the protection of property and individuals; personal and social services rendered by others to meet the needs of individuals
Itu adalah kesemua kelas dalam kategori trademark yang anda perlu tahu. Sebelum daftarkan trademark, hendaklah mengenal pasti dan membuat senarai kategori trademark yang berkaitan supaya proses pendaftaran berjalan lancar. Hubungi kami untuk daftar trademark anda mengikut kategori trademark yang betul.